Chancellor setting interest rates and monetary policy There are valid concerns about equity effects of monetary policy, but there are ways for the government to deal with these — other than taking back control of monetary policy. However, this loosening of monetary policy can cause the economy to grow faster than the long-run trend rate leading to inflationary pressures.
However, the policy helped to offset the deflationary impact of government spending cuts. In turn, this makes inflation easier to keep low. If people have more confidence in the Central Bank, this helps to reduce inflationary expectations.
An independent Central Bank may have more credibility.
However, in recent years, there has been a trend to give monetary policy to independent Central Banks. Benefits of quantitative easin g mainly go to top financial The impact of central bank independence and bankers.
Concerns about the wider impact of monetary policy, e. Since Central Banks were made independent there has been a change in economic climate.
Although Central Banks are independent, it is important to bear in mind, that the targets can be reset. In particular, they tended to be influenced by short-term political considerations. Before an election, the temptation is for a government to cut interest rates, making boom and bust economic cycles more likely.
It was a difficult economic situation because the inflation was primarily due to cost-push inflation. Concerns over independent Central Banks Stick rigidly to wrong targets. Shortly before an election, there is a temptation to reduce interest rates.
The government felt their supply-side policies had created a supply side miracle. If it causes a recession, there is still time for the economy to recover before the next election. Pushing up asset prices and helping to make the rich richer.
The Central Bank officials are appointed by the government and are given broad guidelines e. The Bank had a worse trade-off than usual Bank of England and Quantitative Easing The recession was so serious that cutting interest rates failed to boost economic growth, therefore the Bank of England pursued an unconventional monetary policy of quantitative easing.
Inflation and booms are no longer major issue. Political business cycle The feeling was that when the government was responsible for setting interest rates, there was a political business cycle. This involved creating money and buying government bonds. In andthe Bank had to tolerate inflation going above target e.
Conclusion Since the Bank of England was made independent init has been widely regarded as better than the alternative e. Fromthe Bank struggled with the combination of credit crunch, deep recession and cost-push inflation. Instead, the issue is one of secular stagnation and prolonged liquidity trap.
The idea is that Central Banks will be more independent of political considerations and willing to keep inflation low — even if there are political costs to raising interest rates. Arguably, the ECB should be given wider brief than just focusing on inflation.
This helps to boost disposable income, increase economic growth and reduce unemployment. A strong economy makes it easier for the governing party to gain re-election.
But, the above trend growth caused inflation and the government had to increase interest rates to reduce inflation.
Economic policy is set by unelected officials. If the government has a track record of allowing inflation, then inflation expectations start to creep up making inflation more likely.
The aim was to reduce interest rates and increase the money supply. It gave the UK greater flexibility compared to Eurozone There is concern that quantitative easing has unwarranted side effects on equity.
It caused a classic boom and bust. The ECB has been criticised for sticking too rigidly to the target of low inflation when Europe has much bigger problems with unemployment and low economic growth.central bank independence have expressed concerns that independence can weaken the accountability of central banks.
Central bank independence Central bank independence refers to the freedom of monetary policymakers from direct political or governmental influence in the conduct of policy. Central bank independence.
From an economic perspective, the support for central bank independence rests, in general, on three time-honoured insights. The core of these insights has remained intact when compared with the pre-crisis consensus, but I will touch upon some challenges as I go along.
Monetary Fund and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. They find a positive effect of elections on money growth using GMM but not OLS or 2SLS estimation. They do not, however, consider the impact.
Benefits of Central Bank Independence. What independence means in setting interest rates. Why politicians give monetary policy to unelected bankers.
Also, concerns over Central Bank independence. Central Bank Transparency and Independence: Updates and New Measures Disentangling the impact of the two dimensions of central bank arrangements remains diﬃcult, however. JEL Codes: E0, E4, F0.
1. Introduction Vol. 10 No. 1 Central Bank Transparency and Independence The term "central bank independence" (or abbreviated, CBI) can be broadly defined as the degree of freedom of the central bank to pursue monetary policy without interference from political considerations (SIRIVE-DHIN; HATAISEREE, ).Download