The only exceptions are facts or general statements that are common knowledge. Be sure to review the source material as you summarize it. Common-knowledge facts or general statements are commonly supported by and found in multiple sources. Less experienced writers, however, sometimes overuse direct quotations in a research paper because it seems easier than paraphrasing.
You have already taken a step in the right direction by writing your introduction. Documenting Source Material Throughout the writing process, be scrupulous about documenting information taken from sources.
In general, you will include the following information: Secondary sources are one step removed from primary sources. He also made sure to include a topic sentence stating the main idea of the paragraph and a concluding sentence that transitioned to the next major topic in his essay.
In those instances, he highlighted the paragraph in question so that he could go back to it later and revise.
Summarizing and paraphrasing are usually most effective for this purpose. Using Primary and Secondary Research As you write your draft, be mindful of how you are using primary and secondary source material to support your points. They define and limit your topic and place your research in context.
Academic integrity violations have serious educational and professional consequences. However, you also need to support your ideas with research, or they will seem insubstantial. Within a paragraph, this information may appear as part of your introduction to the material or as a parenthetical citation at the end of a sentence.
That helps keep your ideas fresh for your readers. For example, a writer would not need to cite the statement that most breads, pastas, and cereals are high in carbohydrates; this is well known and well documented.
The period at the end of the sentence comes after the parentheses. In the body paragraphs of your paper, you will need to integrate ideas carefully at the paragraph level and at the sentence level.
No matter when you compose the conclusion, it should sum up your main ideas and revisit your thesis. A scientific paper begins with an abstract that briefly summarizes the entire paper.
These sources are more reliable and add more value to your paper than sources that are further removed from primary research. An effective writer might conclude a paper by asking a new question the research inspired, revisiting an anecdote presented earlier, or reminding readers of how the topic relates to their lives.
Tip A summary restates ideas in your own words—but for specialized or clinical terms, you may need to use terms that appear in the original source. In other cases, a writer may commit accidental plagiarism due to carelessness, haste, or misunderstanding. Read the passage from a website.
If you find yourself struggling to write an engaging introduction, you may wish to write the body of your paper first. Read the examples that follow. Tip Writers often work out of sequence when writing a research paper. Understand what constitutes fair use of a source.
Exercise 1 Write the introductory paragraph of your research paper. Check original sources again to clear up any uncertainties. Direct quotations should be used sparingly. Fair Use In recent years, issues related to the fair use of sources have been prevalent in popular culture.
Check your summary to make sure it is accurate and complete. Other writers prefer to write their conclusion at the end of the paper, after writing the body paragraphs. You may have a better sense of how to introduce the paper after you have drafted some or all of the body.
Creating a List of References Each of the sources you cite in the body text will appear in a references list at the end of your paper. Prewriting exercises and notes on ideas from your research Review all the above.Writing the Rough Draft.
You’ve already done a lot of the hard work. You have clarified your topic and collected as many ideas as you can. You have specific scenes and details you want to use. The idea is to take the thoughts from inside your head and put them on paper, or computer screen so you have something to work with.
Feb 21, · Rough Draft of Senior Research Paper Stephen Gibson. Loading Unsubscribe from Stephen Gibson? How do I write my rough draft?
- Duration: Rachel Goodman 5, views. Rough drafts: A rough draft is "a late stage in the writing process". 1 It assumes that you have adequate information and understanding, are near or at the end of gathering research, and have completed an exercise in prewriting.
What you need: Adequate time period for focus. Creating a Rough Draft for a Research Paper by University of Minnesota is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike International License, except where otherwise noted.
Research Packet Table of Contents Your student will begin the senior research paper next week in his/her English class. This research Rough Draft Due: _____ Final Draft Due: _____ 5 of Research Project Overview Project Overview.
Essay Rough Draft. From Stonewall to the Suburbs- Toward a Political Economy of Sexu ball up notebook paper and throw it at Zach in the hallway” (p. ). What is also interesting is how white students would mistreat other white students if they chose to associate with a black student.
HAW Research Paper Draft 1 Example. Uploaded by 5/5(1).Download