The Machine Organization Bureaucracy The machine organization is defined by its standardization. Focus on hard economic facts. Strategy and organizational shape organizational development are closely integrated and should be reconciled.
However, the formalization leads to specialization and, pretty soon, functional units can have conflicting goals that can be inconsistent with overall corporate objectives.
Clear and unique strategies are formulated in a deliberate process. Simplification may distort reality. Jobs will be clearly defined; there will be a formal planning process with budgets and audits; and procedures will regularly be analyzed for efficiency. Top managers must create the strategy from an ivory tower.
More people can learn than just the leader.
And to be able to manage that disruptive process without destroying the organization. Architecture as a metaphor. Understand, appreciate and exploit the differences in strategy approaches.
Simple Structure Also called the entrepreneurial organization, the simple structure is a vertically organized pyramid with vertical lines of authority. Strategy formation is a process of transforming the organization from one type of decision-making structure into another.
Weak in fast changing environment. Denies real strategic choice for organizations. A rigorous set of steps are taken, from the analysis of the situation to the execution of the strategy.
Professional Bureaucracy The professional bureaucracy is bureaucratic without being centralized. The organization is relatively unstructured and informal compared with other types of organization, and the lack of standardized systems allows the organization to be flexible.
No need for omnipotent leader. Entrepreneurial, visionary leaders have a tendency to go too far. How can you find the right leader, with all of the many needed qualities? The key difference between these and machine organizations is that professional organizations rely on highly trained professionals who demand control of their own work.
Machine Bureaucracy The machine bureaucracy gets its name from its high level of work standardization, making organizational units function together like the parts of a machine. However, a particularly strong leader may be able to sustain an entrepreneurial organization as it grows, and when large companies face hostile conditions, they can revert to this structure to keep strict control from the top.
This school sees strategy formation as a process of transformation. The existence of divisions also means that there is an inherent duplication of activities, with each division containing essential functions such as sales, human resources and accounting.
Vague, can feed resistance to change and can be misused to justify the status-quo. Strengths of the Ten Schools of Thought. In reality there are many shades of grey, not just a limited number of valid configurations. Can lead to having no strategy or just doing some tactical maneuvering muddling through.
Analysts can pre-screen the facts and they can judge the crafted strategies. Strategy is partly an art.
The school stresses the most innate of mental states and processes — intuition, judgment, wisdom, experience, and insight. Key to strategic management is most of the time: In these books he introduces his five types of organizational structure and how they influence the functioning of organizations.Apr 15, · In the real world, these roles overlap and a manager must learn to balance them in order to manage effectively.
While a manager’s work can be analyzed by these individual roles, in practice they are intermixed and interdependent/5(). Articles. "Worldly Strategy fot the Global Climate" The Yin & Yang of Managing Organizational Dynamics (Spring ) The Effective Organization: Forces and Forms Sloan Management Review (Winter, ) - beyond configuration, playing "LEGO" with the dimensions.
Link. When considering your organizational structure, analyze the environment, assess your internal needs and capacities, and then make sure your structure is a good fit with your strategy and environment. Permission to reproduce this model was kindly granted by Henry Mintzberg.
Henry Mintzberg, OC OQ FRSC (born September 2, ) is a Canadian academic and author on business and management.
The organizational configurations framework of Mintzberg is a model that describes six valid organizational configurations (originally only five.
Mintzberg's Five Types of Organizational Structure. by Bert Markgraf.
Related Articles. In these books he introduces his five types of organizational structure and how they influence the functioning of organizations. He has written 15 books and about articles dealing with management and organizations. The adhocracy forms teams to. The Ten Schools of Thought model from Mintzberg is a framework that can be used to categorize the field of Strategic Management.
The Organizational Learning while it takes one or more of the 10 mentioned forms. Therefore strategy formation itself has configurations.Download