Intro to macroeconomics

The underlying essence of economics is trying to understand how individuals, companies, and nations as a whole behave in response to certain material constraints.

Intro to Macroeconomics

While the term "macroeconomics" is not all that old going back to Ragnar Frisch in many of the core concepts in macroeconomics have been the focus of study for much longer. Furthermore, microeconomics concerns itself narrowly with the Intro to macroeconomics maximization goal, and macroeconomics addresses what should be done to achieve a greater, broader set of goals.

Consequently, unemployment would fall and the overall price level would rise. Let us consider a small example to understand this. Labor force consists of both — people who are employed and the ones who are not. For example, modern mainstream economics makes the assumption that human beings will always aim to fulfill their individual self-interests.

You are opening new plants and rapidly expanding your operations. The bulk of this tutorial will concern itself with this line of neoclassical economic theory. What this means is that the total value of final goods and services produced inside the geographical boundary of India between April and March was USD 2.

For related reading, see Giants Of Finance: It is commonly used to see how many additional goods and services were produced, compared to the previous year. During expansionary phase — GDP growth increases, unemployment rate is low and inflation increases.

Third, adding another layer of evolving depth, this unit defines and describes three types of unemployment: As an individual, for example, you constantly face the problem of having limited resources with which to fulfill your wants and needs.

This is called demand pull inflation and is caused by too much money chasing too few goods. In other words, economics tries to explain how and why we get the stuff we want or need to live. You will likely find that macroeconomics focuses on what should be done to achieve those goals as opposed to what is done.

The latter version removes the effect of inflation, which increases its importance as a useful measure because total output might be increasing in terms of current dollars but not in constant dollars. Suppose everyone who was seeking a job got one tomorrow, began earning income, and spent their income.

If GDP growth rate of India is 7. During the last decade, average annual inflation in India was around 8. Economists are interested in the choices you make, and investigate why, for instance, you might choose to spend your money on a new Xbox instead of replacing your old pair of shoes.

Completing this unit should take you approximately 27 hours. This unit will examine shifts in aggregate supply and aggregate demand and their short-term and long-term effects for the whole economy. International Trade Trade among countries serves many functions aside from the exchange of goods and services at a global level.


This approach entails looking at the forces affecting growth, inflation, and unemployment at the aggregate level whether it is output, income, or the set of components within GDP.

Thus, a low unemployment rate generally represents a healthy economy and vice versa. You can buy 20 cigarettes with Rs Topics like unemployment, prices, growth and trade have concerned economists almost from the very beginning of the discipline, though their study has become much more focused and specialized through the s and s.

Conclusion Economics is a field of study that has become increasingly relevant in our globalized, financialized society.Course Summary If the concepts you're learning in macroeconomics class are going over your head, get some help with our Introduction to Macroeconomics: Help and Review course.

Macroeconomics is the branch of economics that concerns itself with market systems that operate on a large scale.

Where microeconomics is more focused on the choices made by individual actors in. Introduction to Macroeconomics TOPIC 1: Introduction, de nitions, measures Anna g Morin CBS - Department of Economics August Introduction to Macroeconomics TOPIC 1: Introduction.

Macroeconomics (Greek makro = ‘big’) describes and explains economic processes that concern aggregates.

An aggregate is a multitude of economic subjects that share some common features. By contrast, microeconomics treats economic processes that concern individuals. Learn for free about math, art, computer programming, economics, physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, finance, history, and more.

ECON102: Principles of Macroeconomics

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Economics Basics

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Intro to macroeconomics
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