The easier workers find it to change jobs or to move from one area to another, the easier it will be for an employer to recruit more labour by raising the wage rate.
Again they move in the same direction. The ease with which labour can be substituted by capital: An employer may have to raise the wage rate quite significantly to attract more workers and encourage the workers employed in other occupations to switch jobs.
For instance, a large increase in the wage paid to brain surgeons will not have much effect on the supply of labour. The fourth Hicks Marshall factor is: But for now just think about the wage of teenagers declining.
If labour costs form a large proportion of total costs, a change in wages Elasticity of labour demand have a significant impact on costs and hence demand would be elastic. The question is how much will the employment level change by. The mobility of labour: The more qualifications and skills needed, the more inelastic supply will be.
If capital price do not rise when wages go up then labor demand will be more elastic. The two inputs are gross complements for each other when one goes up the firm also needs more of the other. Remember whether the inputs are gross complements or substitutes depends on the relative size of the scale and substitution effects.
The point of this is to remember that even though we know the two types of workers are substitutes in production it does not tell us if they are gross substitutes or gross complements.
The firm is substituting J for K. This is especially true in the short run, as it will take years to gain the requisite qualifications and experience. The more elastic the demand for the product is, the greater the fall in demand for it and hence for workers — making demand for labour elastic.
If the scale effect is smaller than the substitution effect the two accountants will be gross substitutes. A rise in wages increases costs of production which, in turn, raise the price of the product.
The level of employment: Looking at the four factors of Hicks Marshall provides insights about cross elasticity. Both effects make the supply of labour inelastic.
This would somewhat neutralize the substitution effect because adults are now cheaper to hire. Class k and Class j.
This causes demand for the product to contract and demand for labour to fall.ELASTICITY OF DEMAND FOR LABOUR. This is all about how responsive a firm will be in terms of how many workers they will employ when there is a change in wages.5/5(3). Some of the main determinants of elasticity of demand for labour are as follows: i.
The proportion of labour costs in total costs: If labour costs form a large proportion of total costs, a change in wages would have a significant impact on costs and hence demand would be elastic.
A rise in wages. Elasticity of labour demand measures the responsiveness of demand for labour when there is a change in the ruling market wage rate.
The elasticity of demand. is the (negative) elasticity of the labor demand with respect to m. Thus, according to expression (1), the eﬀect of an increase in the minimum wage rate on the workers’ welfare. Chapter 4 Labor Demand Elasticity. When wages rise we know that employment declines.
What we do not know is how much employment declines by. That is, how responsive is employment to changes in the wage rate. Elasticity of labour demand measures the responsiveness of demand when there is a change in the wage rate.
This short topic video goes through the key factors.Download