Case example of expectancy theory

It is also assumed that the contemplation is designed to capitalize on rewards and evade losses. On the other hand, when all the components of the equation are high, the motivational force will also be high Penn State World Campus, Instrumentality is the degree of belief that an individual has that their level of performance will ultimately lead to an anticipated outcome PSU, The individual will assess whether they have the required skills or knowledge desired to achieve their goals.

They formulate their questions based on the type of response they want to elicit from candidates, which in turn, makes the hiring decision a rational and well-informed one. Potential Valued Outcomes may include: Vroom stresses and focuses on outcomes, and not on needs unlike Maslow and Herzberg.

Another weakness can be seen in the organizational applications of the theory. If I make more sales will I get a bonus? This model deals with the direction aspect of motivation, that is, once behavior is energized, what behavioral alternatives are individuals likely to pursue.

Second, they may be unaware of the usefulness of the tool. The findings conclude that it is important that the teachers stress that the evaluations are very important tools for improving the learning and teaching experiences in the present, and the future.

Managers see motivation as an integral party of the performance equation. Knowing what factors motivate employees can have positive implications for businesses.


The valance refers the value the individual personally places on the rewards. Therefore, it is critical for managers and leaders in an organization to really understand what motivates their employees before attempting to utilize the expectancy theory model.

Workers need to know, as much as possible, the actions necessary to reach a required level of performance. Schools located within lower socio-economic areas may lack up-to-date technology, books and other learning tools that assist in the advancement of learning.

Expectancy theory

Recruitment and Selection The first stage in the employment relationship is recruitment and selection. Employee motivation is essential in making a team, section, company, or organization run effectively Steers et. Some people are motivated by external rewards, such as a paycheck, paid vacation, or a great benefits package, while others may have more intrinsic motivators, such as recognition, or a sense of belonging.

Valence is characterized by the extent to which a person values a given outcome or reward. Energies Behavior- What initiates a behavior, behavioral patterns, or changes in behavior?

Expectancy Theory

Another way that instrumental outcomes work is commissions. Extrinsic motivation, however, is the underlying reason that an employee performs the job or adopts a type of behavior. Within-subjects design, by contrast, studies how one individual is motivated by different tasks.

This will most likely lead to low expectancy. Value and steps vary from person to person. The deserving employees must be rewarded for their exceptional performance. According to Holdford and Lovelace-Elmorep. Expectancy Expectancy, a component of the motivational force equation, is a belief about the future Vroom, In regards to instrumentality, the trust the residents build with both junior and senior personnel increases motivation in the training program.

Once a valuable outcome is identified, the motivational force equation can be established. Things that can go wrong at the instrumentality level seem most related to reward expectations directly.

The model below shows the direction of motivation, when behavior is energized: However, this factor does suggest that treatment needs to be considered fair. This is clearly lower than validity coefficients for within-subjects designs.

McFillen [16] found that expectancy theory could explain the motivation of those individuals who were employed by the construction industry.Jun 30,  · Expectancy theory may be confused with, or linked to, extrinsic motivation, because in both cases, employees engage in actions and behavior to produce a desirable outcome.

Expectancy Theory was developed in by Victor Harold Vroom, Professor at the Yale School of Management. The expectancy theory says that motivation depends on a person's belief in the probability that an effort he makes will lead to good performance which will lead to receiving an outcome the person values.

Expectancy theory is one of the most influential theories of motivation in business psychology. The concept explains the strengths and weaknesses of the theory in a business context and the steps required to implement the.

Expectancy Theory in the Workplace

The Expectancy theory states that employee’s motivation is an outcome of how much an individual wants a reward (Valence), the assessment that the likelihood that the effort will lead to expected performance (Expectancy) and the belief that the performance will lead to reward (Instrumentality).

Expectancy: The belief that I am able to complete the actions. (My capability?) (My capability?) Of course you can have an unpleasant outcome, in which case the motivation is now one of avoidance. The Expectancy Theory.

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Using an example of your choice apply the expectation theory of motivation. You should consider both its strengths and weaknesses as a mint-body.comnts will be presented to show, how the expectation theory of motivation can be used to measure the force of motivation for a student to study, to achieve a high .

Case example of expectancy theory
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