In the 19th century, marriage practices varied across Europe, but in general, arranged marriages were more common among the upper class. Prohibited degree of kinshipCousin marriageAffinity canon lawand Avunculate marriage Societies have often placed restrictions on marriage Arranged marriage term paper relatives, though the degree of prohibited relationship varies widely.
These "unclear families" do not fit the mould of the monogamous nuclear family. Girls who marry before 18 are at greater risk of becoming victims of domestic violencethan those who marry later, especially when they are married to a much older man. Once the bride price has been paid, the girl is seen as belonging to the husband and his family.
Parents and other family members were not allowed to participate in selecting the spouse or to attend the marriage ceremony.
Reasons for performing forced marriages include: A girl or a woman is kidnapped by the groom-to-be, who is often helped by his friends. Tensions not only exist between genders, but also within genders; senior and junior men compete for wives, and senior and junior wives in the same household may experience radically different life conditions, and internal hierarchy.
One example is the English blacksmith John R. Such marriages have also been increasingly common in Beijing. Concubinage Polygyny usually grants wives equal status, although the husband may have personal preferences.
Child marriage A child marriage is a Arranged marriage term paper where Arranged marriage term paper or both spouses are under the age of The practice is surmised to have been common since anthropological antiquity.
Same-sex marriage and History of same-sex unions As noted above, several kinds of same-sex, non-sexual marriages exist in some lineage-based societies. Dowry and Bride price The traditional customs Arranged marriage term paper dowry and bride price contribute to the practice of forced marriage.
It is to this flexibility that Anthropologist Robin Fox attributes its success as a social support system: Marriage by abduction has been practiced throughout history around the world and continues to occur in some countries today, particularly in Central Asiathe Caucasus and parts of Africa.
In various societies the choice of partner is often limited to suitable persons from specific social groups. Cohabitation and Common-law marriage In some jurisdictions cohabitationin certain circumstances, may constitute a common-law marriagean unregistered partnershipor otherwise provide the unmarried partners with various rights and responsibilities; and in some countries the laws recognize cohabitation in lieu of institutional marriage for taxation and social security benefits.
In Europe, this was prevented through the social practice of impartible inheritance the dis-inheriting of most siblings, some of whom went on to become celibate monks and priests.
Bride kidnapping and Groom kidnapping Marriage by abduction, also known as bride kidnapping, is a practice in which a man abducts the woman he wishes to marry. Marriage by abduction[ edit ] Main articles: Article 37 — Forced marriage 1 Parties shall take the necessary legislative or other measures to ensure that the intentional conduct of forcing an adult or a child to enter into a marriage is criminalised.
Widow inheritance and Levirate marriage Widow inheritance, also known as bride inheritance, is a cultural and social practice whereby a widow is required to marry a kinsman of her late husband, often his brother.
The victim is often raped by the groom-to-be, for her to lose her virginityso that the man is able to negotiate a bride price with the village elders to legitimize the marriage.
The actual practice of polygamy in a tolerant society may actually be low, with the majority of aspirant polygamists practicing monogamous marriage.
Often, the marriage ceremony would be the first time the future spouses would meet. In some cases, there is a large age discrepancy as much as a generation between a man and his youngest wife, compounding the power differential between the two.
This means that women who marry younger in age are more likely to be dominated by their husbands. Polygamy Polygamy is a marriage which includes more than two partners.
For instance, in parts of Africa, one of the main obstacles for leaving the marriage is the bride price. The Khmer Rouge regime in Cambodia systematically forced people into marriages, in order to increase the population and continue the revolution. The relationships are considered polygynous, not polyandrous, because the female husband is in fact assuming masculine gendered political roles.
The emancipation of women in the 19th and 20th centuries changed marriage laws dramatically, especially in regard to property and economic status. Besides the second and subsequent marriages being void, the bigamist is also liable to other penalties, which also vary between jurisdictions.
The matrilineal Mosuo of China practice what they call "walking marriage". Monogamy Monogamy is a form of marriage in which an individual has only one spouse during their lifetime or at any one time serial monogamy. Please help improve this article by adding references to reliable secondary sourceswith multiple points of view.
Marriages between parents and children, or between full siblings, with few exceptions,         have been considered incest and forbidden.
Young ones tend to drop out of school shortly before they get married.
However, in this context, some nations reserve the right to define the relationship as marital, or otherwise to regulate the relation, even if the relation has not been registered with the state or a religious institution.
Jewittwho spent three years as a captive of the Nootka people on the Pacific Northwest Coast in — The suffix "-gamy" refers specifically to the number of spouses, as in bi-gamy two spouses, generally illegal in most nationsand poly-gamy more than one spouse.SCHEME OF WORK / 1 September / 13 comments.
PRESENTATION NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL, BENIN CITY. SCHEME OF WORK FOR PHE. JSS 1. 1ST TERM. Definition, nature, scope and objectives of physical education.
Forced marriage is a marriage in which one or more of the parties is married without his or her consent or against his or her will.
A forced marriage differs from an arranged marriage, in which both parties presumably consent to the assistance of their parents or a third party such as a matchmaker in choosing a spouse.
There is often a continuum of coercion used to compel a marriage. Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity (in-laws and other family through marriage).
The definition of marriage varies around the world not .Download