The fort was also too well defended and had the strategic advantage of higher ground and having only a single narrow approach that could easily be defended against any direct attack which was shown by the failure of the 54th Massachusetts.
Pierce spoke at a Joy Street Church recruiting rally, encouraging free blacks to enlist. The Assault on Fort Wagner was led by the 54th Massachusetts, which was an experimental black regiment of free men from the North. Shaw finally gets the 54th into combat after he confronts Harker and threatens to report the illegal activities he has discovered.
African American men came to enlist from every region of the north, and from as far away as the Caribbean. The regiment stopped a Confederate assault,  losing 42 men in the process. Most of the men had served 18 months. The assault led by the 54th Massachusetts was also made more difficult by the fact that they were under heavy fire from the heavy artillery and the massed musketry.
While there they received considerable moral support from abolitionists in Massachusetts, including Ralph Waldo Emerson. Where Death and Glory Meet: Hartwellthey 54th massachusetts regiment essay writer attacked entrenched Confederate militia at the November Battle of Honey Hill.
To better understand why the assault of the 54th Massachusetts on Fort Wagner was doomed it is important to have a brief discussion of the some of the events that transpired on that fateful day, July 18, While there was artillery support from the SS New Ironsides, which was a virtually a floating gun platform encased in iron, the narrow approach to the fort made any direct assault upon it virtually doomed.
Shaw accepts a promotion to colonel commanding the 54th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantryone of the first all-black regiments in the Union Army.
In particular, it serves as a memorial to the group of men who were among the first African Americans to fight in that war. This regiment was selected to storm the front with the bayonets and rifles Duncan As the vanguard for the Union, this regiment was expected to absorb the brunt of the defenders attacks.
Many of these officers were of abolitionist families and several were chosen by Governor Andrew himself. Augustus Saint-Gaudens took nearly fourteen years to complete this high-relief bronze monument, which celebrates the valor and sacrifices of the Massachusetts 54th.
The Massachusetts 54th Regiment became famous and solidified their place in history following the attack on Fort Wagner, South Carolina on July 18, More essays like this: Andrewto begin raising regiments including "persons of African descent" on January 26, This resulted in what he described as "a more robust, strong and healthy set of men were never mustered into the service of the United States.
The night before the battle, the black soldiers conduct a religious service. Robert Gould Shaw was the man Andrew chose to lead this regiment.
StephensAfrican-American military correspondent to the Weekly Anglo-African who recruited over men in Philadelphia and would go on to serve as a First Sergeant in the 54th. As night falls, the regiment is pinned down against the walls of the fort. The Shaws were a wealthy and well connected New York and Boston family.
The men learn that, in response to the Emancipation Proclamationthe Confederacy has issued an order that all black soldiers will be returned to slavery.
Attempting to encourage his men, Shaw is killed.
To make matters worse, the pass was constricted by a marshy creek which funneled the soldiers onto a strip of sand a few hundred feet wide making them vulnerable to enemy fire. This was the bloody lesson that General Gilmore learned as it took nearly two months of continuous fighting and constant bombardment before Fort Wagner was finally surrendered by the Confederates.
Get Access The 54th Massachusetts: During the retreat, the unit was suddenly ordered to counter-march back to Ten-Mile station.
However, the courage demonstrated by the 54th resulted in the Union accepting thousands of black men for combat, and President Abraham Lincoln credited them with helping to turn the tide of the war.
The Fort was difficult to attack directly because it was held by a garrison of Confederate Infantry and Artillery and the Fort itself was protected by a narrow approach up the beach.
Colonel Shaw is shown on horseback and three rows of infantry men march behind. This was a crucial location because it guarded the Southern approaches to Charleston Harbor.The first documented African American regiment formed in the north was the Massachusetts 54 th Volunteer Infantry, instituted under Governor John Andrew in African American men came to enlist from every region of the north, and from as far away as the Caribbean.
The book expands on how the 54th Massachusetts developed as battle-ready soldiers. Summarizing the historical events, the book provides events surrounding the aftermath of the first Black Union regiment and how it influenced the outcome of the war. The 54th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that saw extensive service in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
The unit was the first African-American regiment organized in the northern states during the Civil mint-body.com: Union Army. Just two months before the proclamation, Congress passed the Militia Act, mandating that black soldiers be accepted into the mint-body.com Massachusetts Governor supported the formation of the all-black 54th Massachusetts Regiment proudly.
- Final Take Home Essay on Glory The movie Glory is about Colonel Robert Shaw coming back from the fighting in the war and leads the first African American regiment in the Civil War, the 54th Massachusetts. Jul 18, · This is a list of the men missing from the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment—the first unit of black soldiers to be formed in the North du.Download